Co-chaperones DNAJA1 and DNAJB6 are critical for regulation of polyglutamine aggregation

Bidragets oversatte titel: DNAJA1 og DNAJB6 er kritiske for regulering af polyglutamin aggregering

Claudio Rodriguez-Gonzalez, Shying Lin, Sertan Arkan, Christian Hansen

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Huntington’s disease (HD) is caused by CAG repeat expansion in the huntingtin gene. The expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) repeat of the encoded protein leads to protein misfolding and aggregation, resulting in increased neuronal cell death. DNAJ co-chaperones play a crucial role in transferring misfolded/unfolded proteins to HSP70 chaperones, which play an essential role for protein folding. Here, we investigated the effect of knock out (KO) of three individual DNAJ genes in HEK293 cells expressing polyglutamine74exon1 huntingtin (polyQ74htt). Flourescence microscopy analysis revealed that KO of DNAJB6 resulted in a 5-fold increase in polyQ74htt aggregation and that DNAJA1 KO resulted in a 4-fold decrease of polyQ74htt aggregation. KO of DNAJB1 did not change the propensity of polyQ74htt to aggregate in cells. These findings where confirmed both by fluorescence microscopy analysis and filter trap assay (FTA). DNAJB6 KO cells displayed an increased rate of cell death as assessed by trypan blue exclusion and propidium iodide (PI) uptake assays. These results demonstrate that the DNAJ proteins DNAJA1 and DNAJB6 can modulate polyQ aggregation in opposite manners, and thus that fine-tuning the cellular levels of DNAJ proteins is critical for suppression of polyQ aggregation and cell survival.

Bidragets oversatte titelDNAJA1 og DNAJB6 er kritiske for regulering af polyglutamin aggregering
TidsskriftScientific Reports
Udgave nummer1
StatusUdgivet - 1 dec. 2020
Udgivet eksterntJa


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