Neutrophil Reactivity Intensity and misclassification of immature granulocytes

Elias Frost Wiwe, Isabella Katarina Kofoed, Muriel Julie Falk Dufréchou , Jens Peter Philipsen, Birthe Lemvig, Katrine Laura Rasmussen, Julie Smith, Thore Hillig

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Introduction
Immature granulocyte percentage (IG%) is an important biomarker for infection control. We observed spurious cases where the IG% was dramatically underestimated on the automated Sysmex XN-series hehmatology analyzer compared with manual differential. These cases were associated with high values of “Neutrophil Reactivity Intensity” (NEUT-RI), which should reflect the metabolic activity of the neutrophils.

Methods
We conducted a three-stage study to evaluate whether NEUT-RI could be utilized to screen for misclassified IG% results defined as the manual differential estimating a 10 percentage points higher IG% compared with the automated Sysmex differential.

First, 124 patient samples were selected for 800-cell manual smear analysis based on their NEUT-RI values and compared with the automatic Sysmex IG% results. Next, 11 098 routine 110-cell manual smear analyses were compared with the corresponding Sysmex IG% results. Finally, during a 19-day period 160 additional patient samples underwent smear based on NEUT-RI values ≥56 fluorescence intensity (FI) to screen for misclassified results beyond our current smear practice.

Results
NEUT-RI ≥56 predicted IG% misclassification with 91% sensitivity and 88% specificity, but primarily when the internal Sysmex flag “Abnormal WBC Scattergram” was present. 90.1% of misclassified results were identified by this flag. Beyond our existing smear rules including this flag, NEUT-RI ≥56 FI had a positive predictive value below 1%.

Conclusion
Both NEUT-RI and the internal Sysmex flag “Abnormal WBC Scattergram” work well to identify cases of IG% misclassification. However, in our setting NEUT-RI ≥56 FI had no meaningful additional predictive capacity to identify misclassifications beyond our current smear rules.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Laboratory Hematology
Volume46
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)312-321
Number of pages10
ISSN1751-5521
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024

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